What Is Psychosis? Definition, Symptoms, Treatment

What Is Psychosis? Definition, Symptoms, Treatment

What Is Psychosis?

Psychosis is a state that affects the way your brain processes information. It causes a person to have false beliefs about the happenings and the people around him. It causes a person to lose track of what’s real and what’s not. The person can hear, see or feel things that are not there.
The person suffering from psychotic episodes hallucinates. He is paranoid or experiences a personality change. In a nutshell, psychosis is a mental state which messes with thought, perception, and judgment. A person with no mental health problems can have it too.
Psychosis is a symptom, not a disease. Mental or physical illnesses, substance abuse, extreme stress, trauma can cause it.
Schizophrenia and Bipolar disorder are psychotic disorders. Both disorders have psychosis that affects the person for the first time in early adulthood. Even before the first episode of psychosis (FEP), a person may show changes in the way they act or think. This is called the prodromal period and can last weeks, months, and even years.

What Are The Symptoms?

Psychosis does not start, it shows these signs and symptoms:
  • Ineffectiveness in thought, speech, and behavior.
  • Having trouble thinking or jumping between topics and making strange connections between thoughts.
  • A drop in grades or job performance
  • No self-care or being unhygienic
  • Spending more time alone than usual
  • Stronger emotions than situations call for
  • No emotions at all
  • Pull away from family and friends
  • Hallucinations:
    • Auditory hallucinations: Hearing voices that don’t exist.
    • Tactile hallucinations: Strange sensations on the skin or feelings you cannot explain.
    • Visual hallucinations: You see people or things that aren’t there. You believe that the shapes of things are wrong.
  • Delusions: Having beliefs that don’t make sense to others. Delusions are based on fear or suspicion and often involve supernatural element to them like:
    • Some forces are in control of your feelings and actions, especially misinterpreted as possessed by supernatural beings in some cultures.
    • You believe you have powers or you are on a special mission, or you think you are a god.


What Are The Causes of Psychosis?

No one for sure knows by Psychosis happen but some known factors of Psychosis are:

Genetics: The person has the genes for it, but that does not always mean that he must get psychosis.

Drugs: Triggers include r drugs like marijuana, LSD, and amphetamines.

Trauma: The death of a loved one, a sexual assault, or war may lead to psychosis. The type of trauma and the age the person was in when it happened, play a huge role.
 
Injuries: Brain injuries, brain tumors, strokes, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, can cause psychosis.
 

What Is The Treatment for Psychosis?

It is significant to get treated immediately after the first episode of psychosis. It will help psychosis from affecting the person’s relationships, school or career.
The doctor recommends coordinated specialty care (CSC). It is a combination of medicine and therapy. Social services, education support, and the family needs to support the person.
The doctor prescribes antipsychotic drugs — in pills or liquids — to ease your symptoms. The person might need to get admitted to a hospital for treatment if he is at risk of harming himself or others. The person can also be admitted if he can’t control his behavior or do his daily activities. 
The doctor will check the symptoms, look for causes, and suggest the treatment.
 

Psychotherapy

Counseling with medicines can also help manage psychosis.
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy helps the person recognize when he has psychotic episodes. It also helps him understand whether what he sees and hears, exists or it’s his imagination. It stresses the vitality of antipsychotic medications and following your treatment.
  • Supportive psychotherapy helps the person learn to live with and handle psychosis. It teaches a person healthy ways of thinking and coping with his thoughts.
  • Family psychoeducation and support involves the person’s loved ones and their support. It helps him bond and improves the way he solves problems together.
  • Coordinated specialty care involves medication, psychotherapy, social services, work, and education support.

 

Neurosis Verses Psychosis

 

NeurosisPsychosis
It’s a symptom of mild neuro-psychical disorders. Disorders that manifest themselves in specific clinical phenomena in the absence of psychical phenomena.It’s a severe mental state or a symptom identified by loss of contact with reality and social anxiety. It causes social maladaptation and ruin relationships with other people.
Neurosis doesn’t affect personality.It affects personality.
Contact with reality is not completely lost.In psychosis, contact with reality is completely lost.
Auditory or visual hallucinations and delusions are not present.Auditory, visual and more hallucinations and delusions are present.
The risk of self-harm is lower.The risk of self-harm or harming others is Higher.
Obsessive-compulsive disorders, Generalized anxiety disorder, Depression and Post-traumatic disorders are the few types of neurosis.Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorder, and Delusional disorders are types of psychosis.
Biological, socio-psychic climate, psychological, pedagogical, and socio-economic factors causes neurosis.Psychosis is caused because of factors like genetic, biochemical and environmental.
Neurosis is treated with psychological therapies and medicines are also prescribed.Psychosis is treated by antipsychotic drugs (pills or liquid), psychotherapy and social support.
 

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